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A robot that helps disabled people feed themselves

Carmencitta Magazine - RObot helping disabled people

Disabled people can get too frustrated when they are not able to feed themselves. Not only do they feel like they are taking someone’s time to feed them, but they like to experience the feeling of being independent. This is why, some scientists have come together, and invented “Obi”, a robot that helps disabled people feeding themselves. Keep on reading if you want to know more about this truly great invention.

Meet Obi

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Obi is a dining robot that provides people with the ability to control their meals, and how they are eaten. Moreover, Obi is a robotic arm that includes a spoon used in order to scoop food from a bowl. It has 4 bowls, you choose the one you need, and the robot transfers food from it to the mouth.

However, Obi is not completely auto functioning. In fact, you need to make it adapt to the mouth and to the bowl. Moreover, you will find two buttons that will help you make it work. The first one, a green “choose” button that allows you to move the spoon to the specific bowl you’d like to eat from. The second one, is a blue “delivery” button that orders the robot to scoop the food in the spoon and deliver it to your mouth. Additionally, you have to teach Obi where your mouth is located so that it knows the direction your food must be delivered to.

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Price and Specs

In fact, Obi batteries that are rechargeable. The last for an interval of 2 to 4 hours, it depends on how much time it is used for. Moreover, this robotic arm costs about $4,500. Moreover, the price may not be cheap, but it can help someone you love finally enjoy his or her freedom and independence. When you pay the $4,500, you will get the robot itself, one plate and placemat, two magnetically attaching spoons (small and large), and a charging cable.

Kepler-186f, ‘Earth’s Cousin’

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A newly discovered planet nicknamed “Earth’s cousin”, has been found about 500 light-years away from Earth. The planet, named Kepler-186f, is the first Earth-size alien planet found orbiting within its star’s habitable zone. Only less than 10% larger than Earth, Kepler-186f is the closest planet to Earth in size ever found in its star habitable zone, but its mass, density and composition are not known. What else do you want to know about the new alien planet discovery?

Here are few things to bear in mind about Kepler-186f:

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Kepler-186f whiz around its sun once every 130 days and receives one-third the energy that Earth receives from its sun, placing it near the outer edge of the habitable zone. If you can stand on the surface of Kepler-186f, the brightness of its sun at high noon would seem as bright as our sun is nearly an hour before sunset on Earth.

Kepler-186f resides in the Kepler-186 star system about 500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus. The system is also home to 4 inner planets, Kepler-186b, Kepler-186c, Kepler-186d and Kepler-186e, seen lined up in orbit around a host red dwarf star that’s half the size and mass of the sun.

Kepler-186f is a history-making find

Kepler-186f is the first Earth-size planet found in the habitable zone of its star. This means that the planet, which is only slightly bigger than Earth, is in the part of its star system where liquid water can exist on the planet’s surface.

Astronomers have found other planets orbiting in the habitable zones of their stars, but this is the first time a planet this close in size to Earth has ever been found orbiting within its star’s habitable zone.

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Life could thrive … maybe

Due to Kepler-186’s location in the habitable zone around its star, this planet might be a place where life may thrive. It is possible that the planet has an atmosphere that may help keep water in liquid form on its surface, a prerequisite for life as it’s known on Earth.

Kepler-186f is an “Earth cousin,” not twin

Scientists have described Kepler-186f as a cousin to Earth. The Kepler-186 star is dimmer than the sun, thus the planet might be somewhat similar to Earth in size, but its star isn’t the same as the sun. So, it is an Earth Cousin and not a Twin because it has similar characteristics, but a different parent.

 

A Robot Designed to Help Autistic Children

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All over the world, people, and especially parent, are always on the search for answers to autism. Moreover, the most questions asked about autism are: what is reason for it? And how to deal with an autistic child? In fact, medicine has failed to give clear answers, and science is on a constant search on how to help individuals with autism, as well as their parents, to deal with such a situation. This is why, researchers at Spain’s Universidad

Carmencitta Magazine - Robot designed to help Autism children

Miguel Hernández and the Spanish Aisoy Robotics company, teamed up to investigate how a robot called “Aisoy1 V5” may be able to help in enhancing the effectiveness of the therapy sessions.

It looks like a toy

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“Aisoy1’s” appearance is very similar to the appearance of a toy, which children are liking. In fact, creators hope that on the long run, kids will build an emotional attachment with “Aisoy1”. Moreover, scientists are hoping that this educational instrument will, hopefully, over time, assist in therapeutic purposes.

Autism Studies

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 “We already have an Emotional OS, called Airos, which includes an emotional engine, a cognitive engine, and a decision engine. It has an application level for building user apps we call Bot-apps. Clinica Universitaria UMH and Aisoy [are working] together for designing and building Bot-apps which use Airos’ capabilities [as well as the] Aisoy1 robot, adapted to children with autism,” said José Manuel del Río, the CEO of Aisoy. He added that scientists did not dive into an in-depth studies when it comes to why those robots are so suitable for the case. However, he implied that the effectiveness more than likely lies in the “expressivity of the face” ofAisoy1, which makes it much easier for the kids to “understand and communicate with.”

Future Applications for Robots

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In the future, scientists hope that this invention will lead to others that are able to help with different disorders such as ADD, Hyperactivity, impulsivity issues, and much more that hit children at a young age.

The Mysterious Stone Spheres of Costa Rica

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As long as 16 centuries ago, the natives of southwestern Costa Rica, made a variety of 300 solid stone spheres, some as small as 10 cm in diameter and others up to 2.4 m. They are so perfectly formed that one is bound to wonder, ‘How were they made? What purpose did they serve?’

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Stone spheres have been found in several other countries, including Chile, Mexico, and the United States. But Costa Rica’s granite spheres are unique. Their quality is superb, some being perfect spheres with smooth surfaces. They have often been found in groups of 20 or more. Of special interest is the fact that many of them are found aligned in geometric patterns, such as triangles, rectangles, and straight lines. These alignments often point to the earth’s magnetic north.

How were they made? This is a mystery. Some mechanical procedure seems to have been necessary in order to achieve such precision. Judging by the many statues of that period, we know that the sphere makers were skillful sculptors. In addition, gold artifacts dating from as early as 800 C.E. give evidence that they were experienced in working with high temperatures. One theory is that the sculpting of the orbs could have involved the use of high temperatures followed by cooling, to remove outer layers of rock. The work could have been finished by polishing the spheres with sand or leather.

Most of these spheres are made of granite-like rock. The nearest known granite quarry was up in the mountains about 40 to 50 km from the Diquis River Delta. How did the sculptors move such heavy stones? If the spheres were carved at the quarry, the sculptors would have had to control their descent carefully. Can you imagine the challenge of moving something so heavy across such distances without modern equipment? Exactly how heavy are the spheres? Some weigh over 16 tons!

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If the granite was quarried and moved before it was sculpted, the 2.7 m cube that would be needed for a ball 2.4 m in diameter would weigh over 24 tons! Likely, to create a wide, smooth road to make transport possible, the natives would have had to cut through dense jungle. No small feat! Other spheres were made of coquina, a material much like limestone, which can be found on beaches near the mouth of the Diquis River. This may indicate that the stone was rafted about 50 km upstream. Some spheres have been found on Caño Island, about 20 km off the Pacific coast.

No one can explain with certainty the original purpose of these spheres. They could have been a mark of rank or importance for a tribal chief or a village. It is also possible that they were religious or ceremonial symbols. Future archaeological studies may someday reveal the mystery of the stone spheres of Costa Rica.

Body Parts That Can Be Replaced

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Modern technology and the digital age, have been making very shocking alternations to our world. In fact, medical science has been amazing us for centuries. It is now possible having parts that were originally absent from your body, added and making their job for you. Moreover, modern medical science continues to help multiple people with illnesses and conditions. Here are some body parts that are being redeveloped and engineered by experts.

Skin

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Your infected or burnt skin can be replaced as scientists are making a way to craft a new electronic skin to replace the synthetic skin.

Heart

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A beating, functional heart is being reproduced and created. Researchers were able to produce a mouse heart. Right now, the heart is not capable of fully pumping blood, so the process will continue being researched.

Hands

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We all know about prosthetic hands. However, researchers are now looking into false hands that can even sense touch.

Legs

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It is hard to learn walking with a prosthetic leg, this is why, scientists are developing a leg that patients can use with thought, rather than pure physical exertion.

Ears

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Hearing aids have been around for decades, but what about an actual ear? Scientists are now using real cells from real ears to craft artificial ears.

Pancreas

People whose pancreas does not produce enough insulin run into many medical issues. This is why, experts are trying to develop an artificial pancreas that could be a life-saver for those with diabetes and pancreatic diseases.

Eyes

Carmencitta-Magazine-Body-parts-that-can-be-replaced-3We have seen monocles, bifocals, glass eyes but what about artificial eyes? Experts have developed two artificial retinas and have tested them on animals with success. The chips in the eyes sense images, convert them to signals, and wake up the brain to see.

Fingers

The fingers being developed are ones that have a USB jack to be connected into a computer and store their functions. They look totally like a real one until you take them out and connect them!

 

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