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Victoria Woodhull; a women rights’ activist

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For those of you who do not know her, Victoria Woodhull was an activist, spiritualist, politician as well as an author. Moreover, she was the first woman to run for the presidency of the United States. In fact, Victoria spent a big part of her life being a women rights’ activist.

 “I come before you to declare that my sex are entitled to the inalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

—Victoria Woodhull

Carmencitta Magazine - Victoria Woodhull 4Synopsis

Victoria Woodhull was born in Homer, Ohio, on September 23, 1838. As an activist, in 1870, she created Woodhull and Claflin’s Weekly, that helped her express her ideas on a variety of activist topics. The creation was a radical publication. Moreover, the journal used to also publish the first English translation of Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto. Moreover, Victoria, in 1872, ran for the U.S. presidency on the Equal Rights Party. Woodhull later moved to England and wrote more activist works. In 1927, she died in England.

Women’s rights activist

Woodhull was a strong supporter of women’s rights. Moreover, she used to often speak in public on behalf of women’s suffrage, while addressing the Congress on the issue. In fact, Victoria was always seeking to become more politically active, in order to establish the Equal Rights Party. After a while, she ran for the U.S. presidency on the political group’s ticket in 1872.

Carmencitta Magazine - Victoria Woodhull 5Due to her many relationships and radical ideas, Victoria Woodhull became a target for public scrutiny. In fact, the first time she got married was when she was only 15 years old, at that time, she got married to Canning Woodhull and the couple had two children. After a while, they got divorced, and Woodhull got married twice more. Moreover, she was reported to have multiple relationships. Her public remarks about sexuality and social reforms were also held against her. And her support of socialism—a political and economic philosophy that was considered radical at the time—may have alienated some, as well

 

Fannie Lou Hamer

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Fannie Lou Hamer was born on October 6, 1917 and passed away on March 14, 1977. Fannie was an American voting rights activist, a philanthropist, and a civil rights leader. Moreover, Fannie helped African Americans register in order to vote. In addition, she founded the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. Here is a little summary about her life and her works being an activist.

Synopsis

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Fannie Lou Hamer was born in Montgomery County, Mississippi, on October 6, 1917. Moreover, in 1962, Fannie met with civil rights activists who used to encourage blacks so they register to vote, and soon after, she became active in helping. In addition, Hamer worked for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. This committee fought against racial segregation as well as injustice in the South. After that, in 1964, she helped in the founding of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.

Civil Rights Activist

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In the summer of 1962, Hamer decided to attend a protest meeting, this decision changed her life. Over there, he met civil rights activist who encouraged African Americans to register in order to vote. Moreover, Hamer decided to register themselves. After that, Fannie traveled with 17 others to the to Indianola so they can accomplish this goal. However, the group faced opposition from local and state law enforcement.

Furthermore, this decision made her lose her job and move from the plantation in order to be able to vote. However, this result only made her more stubborn and wanted ever more to be able to register.

As a result, she decided to dedicate her life in order to fight for civil rights. She joined a group of people who fought against racism and injustice against African Americans. However, the group’s acts were often met with violent responses from angry whites. In addition, during the time of her activist career, she was arrested, shot at, threatened, and beaten. In 1963 in a Winona, Fannie and two other activists were taken by police, over there, Hamer was beaten so badly that she suffered permanent kidney damage.

 

Who is Mother Jones?

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Mary Harris Jones, as known as Mother Jones, was a much known woman who had a role as a union activist. In fact, she is the one who founded the Social Democratic Party, as well as helped establishing the Industrial Workers of the World.

Synopsis

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Mother Jones was born in Ireland, Country Cork, in 1830. After a while, her family immigrated to the west, first to Canada and after that to America. Bad luck was a friend to her as she lost her family to a yellow fever outbreak, and after that, her home in the great Chicago fire. Marry decided to become a labor activist and she was called by the nickname “Mother Jones” and considered her the champion of the working class. In 1930, Jones died.

Labor Activism

After all of her losses, Jones started her work as a labor activist. In fact, she worked with the Knights of Labor and gave them speeches in order to inspire the workers. Moreover, she traveled to multiple strike sites, to help coal miners in Pennsylvania in 1873 and railroad workers in 1877. In fact, she was called Mother because of the way she cared for the workers.

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In 1898, Mother Jones became the founder of the Social Democratic Party. Moreover, in 1905, Jones helped in establishing the Industrial Workers of the World. Surprisingly, Marry was considered to be one of the most dangerous women in America, by the authorities, due to her social reform and labor activities.

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Furthermore, she was known that nothing could ever stop her. Even at the age of 82, she went to a strike in West Virginia. This strike went violent, and she was arrested. Mother Jones was sentenced with 20 years in jail. However, her supporters teamed together and convinced the governor to forgive her and set her free. However, all of that did not stop her, and she returned to organizing workers.

Bill Clinton: Brief biography

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Bill Clinton is an American president and governor. He won the 1992 Democratic presidential nomination and reelected to a second term in 1996. He worked in issues that became important to him during his political career. Moreover, His Clinton Foundation and The Clinton Global Initiative remained on the world stage.

Carmencitta MAgazine - Bill Clinton Brief biography 3Early Life

William Jefferson Clinton, known as Bill Clinton, was born on August 19, 1946, in Hope, Arkansas, USA. His father William Jefferson Blythe died in a car crash several months before Clinton’s birth. Years later, his mother married Roger Clinton.

Education

Carmencitta MAgazine - Bill Clinton Brief biography 2Clinton attended Hot Springs High School and graduated. At the time many considered him the best jazz saxophonist in the city. In 1963, he earned an invitation to meet President John F. Kennedy. In 1964, Clinton attended Georgetown University to study international affairs. After graduating in 1968, Clinton won Rhodes scholarship to study for two years at Oxford University. In 1970 he entered law school at Yale University.

Arkansas politics

Carmencitta MAgazine - Bill Clinton Brief biography 4Furthermore, in 1974 Clinton decided to begin the political career. A year later Clinton married Hillary Rodham, his fellow at Yale. In 1976 he became attorney general of Arkansas. After that he was elected as the head of Democratic Leadership Conference in 1991.

President: Bill Clinton

Carmencitta-MAgazine-Bill-Clinton-Brief-biography6.His campaign focused on economic issues, especially unemployment and health care. In 1992 Clinton became U.S president. Moreover, he appointed his wife to be the head of a task force to explore national health care reform. After the end of Clinton’s first term, he was elected to a second term as president.

After the presidency

Because of Clinton’s scandal about buying land along the Whitewater River in Arkansas. He was ordered to pay a $25,000 fine and admit that he had broken one of the Arkansas Bar’s rules of conduct.

Carmencitta-MAgazine-Bill-Clinton-Brief-biography-5.Clinton continues to be an active public figure, supporting many issues and causes that are important to the world. He established  Clinton Foundation too .

In 2013, Clinton received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 

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