The New Einstein, Stephen Hawking

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Early Life

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Stephen Hawking is a scientist who overcomes his ALS disease by studies and researches.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on January 8, 1942. He grew up in a highly educated family. Both of his parents had attended Oxford University. Stephen enjoyed math and science in school where he earned the nickname ” Einstein .” He studied physics and chemistry in Oxford University. He enjoyed being a member of the school’s boat club as well as classical music. After graduation, he went to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

Carmencitta MAgazine - Stephen Hawking 4Diagnosed with ALS disease


Hawking began to have health issues. His speech became slurred and he became very clumsy. After going through a series of tests, doctors discovered that Hawking had a disease called ALS (also called Lou Gehrig’s disease).

Overcoming ALS

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Although Hawking was initially depressed over his diagnosis, but he decided that there were things he wanted to accomplish with his life. He began to study and work harder than ever before. He wanted to earn his PhD before he died. Furthermore, he met and fell in love with a girl named Jane Wilde. They were married in 1965. All of that gave him a reason to live. Despite his sickness Hawking has lived a full and productive life with the help of science and modern medicine. In 1985 he lost his voice for good following a tracheotomy. Although he is confined to a wheelchair and cannot talk, he can communicate using a touch pad computer and a voice synthesizer.

Research on Black Holes

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A black hole’s edges, called the event horizon, can be detected. Hawking proved that the surface area of the event horizon could only increase, not decrease. So that, when two black holes merged the surface area of the new hole was larger than the sum of the two original.

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Hawking’s work in modern cosmology and in theoretical astronomy and physics is widely recognized. In 1979 was named to a professorial chair at Cambridge University that was once held by Sir Isaac Newton. Moreover, he has earned a host of honorary degrees, awards, prizes, and lectureships from the major universities and scientific societies of Europe and America. When asked about his objectives he said: “My goal is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.”


All You Need To Know About WU

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Who is Western Union?

WU is a financial services corporation that deals with transfer of money from one location to another. Moreover, the company’s headquarter is in the United States, but processes financial transactions from across the world. Individuals deposit money at one of the company’s kiosks and then the receiver is able to pick-up the funds at another branch. The company has been in business since 1851.

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Western Union Telegraph Company, enterprise created (1851) to provide telegraphic communication services in the United States. Originally known as the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company, Western Union

Their Services

The power to send money around the world is in your pocket with the Western Union Money Transfer® app.

  • Send money on-the-go, anytime, to more than 200 countries and territories.
  • Send money to hundreds of companies, with more businesses added regularly.
  • Set up money transfers on your mobile and complete them at an agent location.
  • Track a money transfer directly from your mobile device.
  • Map to agent locations, and get directions, hours, and a list of services.
  • Figure out the estimated price of your transaction before sent.
  • View past or pending transactions and update your contacts, personal information, and payment methods.


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Why should I use Western Union?


You can track your transfer using a Money Transfer Control Number.

The receiver takes this number ensuring that only the receiver can collect the money.



Carmencitta Magazine - WU4Western Union Money Transfer service uses advanced technology and a unique, worldwide computer network to ensure quick payout in more than 200 countries.

Money is available for collection in minutes, subject to agents operating hours and differences in time zones



If you are an Absa customer and a registered user, you can experience the convenience of sending or receiving money with internet banking and/or cellphone banking

The money is available within minutes, depending on when the banks are open and the time differences around the world.

A Device That Can Read Your Emotions

Carmencitta Magazine emotions

When it comes to knowing how the other person is feeling, it can be tricky thing for humans. Imagine how hard it can be for a device! In fact, this hard thing was not hard enough for scientists as they invented a new system that is able to predict how a person is feeling with an accuracy of 87 percent.

How does it Work?

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In fact, researchers say that the system works by receiving wireless signals off a human being. Moreover, there is a dubbed EQ Radio that analyzes the signals that it gets from a person’s body. After that, the device monitors the person’s breathing as well as his or her heartbeat. In fact, for the device to detect such things, the body needs to be hooked up by a host of sensors which are used in order to detect someone’s emotions.

A very important benefit

Inventors sad that applying this kind of methods in order to know how a person is feeling, can have a major health care benefit; this system is able to determine if you are on the way of getting depressed before even you knowing that. “The idea is that you can enable machines to recognize our emotions so they can interact with us at much deeper levels,” those words were said by Fadel Adib; a doctoral student at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab, and a helper in creating the design of the system.

4 Categories

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In fact, the device is designed so that it can detect 4 categories of emotions such as: excited, happy, angry, and sad. Moreover, once it detects your emotions, the system combines them and traces the results onto a graph where one axis represents arousal and the other represents whether your emotion is positive or negative. After that, the graph will be used in order to classify your emotion into one of the four broad categories.


10 Mind-Blowing Facts about Apple Inc.

Carmencitta Magazine - 10 Mind-Blowing Facts about Apple Inc

Apple Inc. has become one of the world’s best corporations. Generating billions of dollars yearly, providing jobs worldwide, introducing astounding new products and technologies, and upending the apple carts of technology, social events, politics, and more. Apple’s achievements cover a lot of areas that it would take days to spotlight. Their rise to power has been an up and down battle of mega proportions, they have had to go up against fierce competitors, government regulations, and over. Nevertheless, when all is said and done, Apple is still a leader in originality and innovation. So let us look at some of the mind-blowing facts about Apple.

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  1. The name ‘Apple’ came from the founder Steve Jobs’ like of this fruit and named his company after that.
  2. Apple initially had 3 co-founders. The 3rd co-founder, a man named Ronald Wayne, had joined the 2 other co-founders, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak but he left the company only 12 days after it was founded. Wayne sold his 10% share for only $800 and got an added payout of $1,500. If he stayed with the company, his shares would be today worth around $60 billion!
  3. Apple has a ‘no smoking’ ban concerning their computers. As ridiculous as it sounds, but if you smoke while using an Apple computer, you void the warranty – you have been warned!
  4. Apple employs more people than a good-sized city. It employs above 90,000 people.
  5. Apple is very successful, it has twice the amount of money than the U.S. Treasury.
  6. Apple is very fruitful, that in the first quarter of 2014, it made more money than Google, Facebook, and Amazon combined.
  7. Apple’s first company logo presented a drawing of Sir Isaac Newton, the father of physics.

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  1. Apple was the first to produce a digital color camera.
  2. Apple Inc. has around $155 billion cash on hand, which could give everyone in the US, $490.00!
  3. If Apple was a country, it would be the world’s 27th biggest country.

Overall, Apple’s history is one of amazement. Now one of the most powerful players in the mobile and computing fields, Apple carries on astonishing the world with its innovative products and services.

Who is Amelia Boynton?

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Carmencitta-Magazine-Who-is-amelia-boyton-1Amelia Boynton Robinson was known as being a civil rights activist. Moreover, she was the one who defended against not letting African American vote. In fact, in 1965, she tried to help leading a civil rights march, and as a result got brutally beaten. This act is now known as Bloody Sunday and drew national attention to the Civil Rights Movement. Moreover, Amelia Boynton is the first black woman who ran for Congress in Alabama.


Amelia Boynton was born in Savannah, Georgia, on August 18, 1911. In fact, in 1964, Amelia became the first African-American woman, as well as the first female Democratic candidate from Alabama, who ran for a seat in Congress. After that, one year later, Boynton helped lead a civil rights march, which caused her, and other activists to be brutally beaten by state troopers.

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This event, was the reason for drawing nationwide attention to the Civil Rights movement. Boynton won the Martin Luther King Jr. Medal in 1990, which was a Medal of Freedom. She died on August 26, 2015 at the age of 104.

Early Activism


In 1930, Boynton met Dallas County who became her co-worker. Moreover, both Boynton and County cared about finding ways to make the lives of African-American better. After that, in 1936, they got married and had two sons named Bill Jr. and Bruce Carver. Furthermore, for the next three decades, they worked in order to achieve voting, property and education rights for poor African Americans who lived in Alabama. In fact, 30 years later, her husband died, but she remained on her pledge to help African Americans have a better life.

Her Death

Boynton died at the age of 104 years, on August 26, 2015, after she suffered from several strokes. Her son Bruce Boynton said of his mother’s commitment to civil rights: “The truth of it is that was her entire life. That’s what she was completely taken with. She was a loving person, very supportive — but civil rights was her life.”


How to Day Trade

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Before we start giving you some tips about day trading, let us first explain to you what day trading is. In fact, day trading is when market positions are held only for a short time. Moreover, what happens is, the trader opens as well as closes the same position on the same day. However, back in the 90s, day trading concept got a bad reputation because some beginners started applying it, without even applying tested stock trading strategies. If you are a beginner, and you do not want to make the same mistake, keep on reading this article about how to day trade.

For your entry points, look for scenarios where supply and demand are drastically imbalanced.


You have to keep in mind that, financial markets are just like anything else; if the supply is near exhaustion, and you can still find people willing to buy, the price is probably about to go higher. However, if there is too much supply and you can’t find any willing buyers, the price will eventually go down.

Carmencitta-Magazine-How-to-day-trade-4Always set price targets before you jump in.

Whenever you are thinking about buying anything, decide beforehand how much money you want to make. After that, stick by your decision on the price. In fact, this makes you prepared for the amount of money you will receive, and keeps you from becoming greedy.

Be patient.

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As strange as it may seem, the most successful day traders, do not trade on a daily basis. However, they may be on their computer, watching what is happening in the market, but if they don’t see any beneficial opportunity, they will not start a trade on that day, and that seems logical. In fact, most people go against that tip, and trade on something out of an impatient desire to just do something! Try your best to not be like them, and wait for the perfect moment, then trade your plan.


A robot that helps disabled people feed themselves

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Disabled people can get too frustrated when they are not able to feed themselves. Not only do they feel like they are taking someone’s time to feed them, but they like to experience the feeling of being independent. This is why, some scientists have come together, and invented “Obi”, a robot that helps disabled people feeding themselves. Keep on reading if you want to know more about this truly great invention.

Meet Obi


Obi is a dining robot that provides people with the ability to control their meals, and how they are eaten. Moreover, Obi is a robotic arm that includes a spoon used in order to scoop food from a bowl. It has 4 bowls, you choose the one you need, and the robot transfers food from it to the mouth.

However, Obi is not completely auto functioning. In fact, you need to make it adapt to the mouth and to the bowl. Moreover, you will find two buttons that will help you make it work. The first one, a green “choose” button that allows you to move the spoon to the specific bowl you’d like to eat from. The second one, is a blue “delivery” button that orders the robot to scoop the food in the spoon and deliver it to your mouth. Additionally, you have to teach Obi where your mouth is located so that it knows the direction your food must be delivered to.

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Price and Specs

In fact, Obi batteries that are rechargeable. The last for an interval of 2 to 4 hours, it depends on how much time it is used for. Moreover, this robotic arm costs about $4,500. Moreover, the price may not be cheap, but it can help someone you love finally enjoy his or her freedom and independence. When you pay the $4,500, you will get the robot itself, one plate and placemat, two magnetically attaching spoons (small and large), and a charging cable.

Kepler-186f, ‘Earth’s Cousin’


A newly discovered planet nicknamed “Earth’s cousin”, has been found about 500 light-years away from Earth. The planet, named Kepler-186f, is the first Earth-size alien planet found orbiting within its star’s habitable zone. Only less than 10% larger than Earth, Kepler-186f is the closest planet to Earth in size ever found in its star habitable zone, but its mass, density and composition are not known. What else do you want to know about the new alien planet discovery?

Here are few things to bear in mind about Kepler-186f:


Kepler-186f whiz around its sun once every 130 days and receives one-third the energy that Earth receives from its sun, placing it near the outer edge of the habitable zone. If you can stand on the surface of Kepler-186f, the brightness of its sun at high noon would seem as bright as our sun is nearly an hour before sunset on Earth.

Kepler-186f resides in the Kepler-186 star system about 500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus. The system is also home to 4 inner planets, Kepler-186b, Kepler-186c, Kepler-186d and Kepler-186e, seen lined up in orbit around a host red dwarf star that’s half the size and mass of the sun.

Kepler-186f is a history-making find

Kepler-186f is the first Earth-size planet found in the habitable zone of its star. This means that the planet, which is only slightly bigger than Earth, is in the part of its star system where liquid water can exist on the planet’s surface.

Astronomers have found other planets orbiting in the habitable zones of their stars, but this is the first time a planet this close in size to Earth has ever been found orbiting within its star’s habitable zone.

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Life could thrive … maybe

Due to Kepler-186’s location in the habitable zone around its star, this planet might be a place where life may thrive. It is possible that the planet has an atmosphere that may help keep water in liquid form on its surface, a prerequisite for life as it’s known on Earth.

Kepler-186f is an “Earth cousin,” not twin

Scientists have described Kepler-186f as a cousin to Earth. The Kepler-186 star is dimmer than the sun, thus the planet might be somewhat similar to Earth in size, but its star isn’t the same as the sun. So, it is an Earth Cousin and not a Twin because it has similar characteristics, but a different parent.


Who is Mother Jones?


Mary Harris Jones, as known as Mother Jones, was a much known woman who had a role as a union activist. In fact, she is the one who founded the Social Democratic Party, as well as helped establishing the Industrial Workers of the World.



Mother Jones was born in Ireland, Country Cork, in 1830. After a while, her family immigrated to the west, first to Canada and after that to America. Bad luck was a friend to her as she lost her family to a yellow fever outbreak, and after that, her home in the great Chicago fire. Marry decided to become a labor activist and she was called by the nickname “Mother Jones” and considered her the champion of the working class. In 1930, Jones died.

Labor Activism

After all of her losses, Jones started her work as a labor activist. In fact, she worked with the Knights of Labor and gave them speeches in order to inspire the workers. Moreover, she traveled to multiple strike sites, to help coal miners in Pennsylvania in 1873 and railroad workers in 1877. In fact, she was called Mother because of the way she cared for the workers.

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In 1898, Mother Jones became the founder of the Social Democratic Party. Moreover, in 1905, Jones helped in establishing the Industrial Workers of the World. Surprisingly, Marry was considered to be one of the most dangerous women in America, by the authorities, due to her social reform and labor activities.


Furthermore, she was known that nothing could ever stop her. Even at the age of 82, she went to a strike in West Virginia. This strike went violent, and she was arrested. Mother Jones was sentenced with 20 years in jail. However, her supporters teamed together and convinced the governor to forgive her and set her free. However, all of that did not stop her, and she returned to organizing workers.

What is Bitcoin?


Bitcoin is a digital asset as well as a payment system that was introduced on 31 October 2008, and released as open-source software in 2009. Moreover, the program was created by a programmer, or group of programmers, that are still until now unidentified. In fact, the program was first appeared under the name of Satoshi Nakamoto.

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Who is Satoshi Nakamoto?

In the matter of fact, multiple high profiled people have claimed that they are Satoshi Nakamoto. However, none of them has provided a certain proof that backup the claim that he or she is the person behind Bitcoin.

How does Bitcoin work?

The inventor made the system easy to use. Moreover, it is designed so that transactions happen from peer-to-peer, and between users without the need of an intermediary such as banks and money transfer offices. In fact, this system and your money are both safe, since all the transactions you make will be verified by specific network nodes as well as recorded in a public ledger that is distributed and called the “blockchain”.


Moreover, blockchain uses bitcoin’s system as its unit of account. After its major success, Bitcoin is now, the largest of its kind when it comes to total market value.

How is a transaction made?


For transaction validity, there must be one or more inputs. Moreover, every input should be one that consists if an unspent output of a previously made transaction. Additionally, when you use multiple inputs, it means that you are using multiple coins in a cash transaction. In fact, a good thing is that one transaction can as well have multiple outputs, which allows the person to make multiple payments in one go.

Legal status

The legal status of bitcoin varies from a country to another. Moreover, there are some countries where bitcoin’s rules are still changing, or the system itself does not even exist.

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