Early Life

Carmencitta MAgazine - Stephen Hawking 1

Stephen Hawking is a scientist who overcomes his ALS disease by studies and researches.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on January 8, 1942. He grew up in a highly educated family. Both of his parents had attended Oxford University. Stephen enjoyed math and science in school where he earned the nickname ” Einstein .” He studied physics and chemistry in Oxford University. He enjoyed being a member of the school’s boat club as well as classical music. After graduation, he went to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

Carmencitta MAgazine - Stephen Hawking 4Diagnosed with ALS disease

 

Hawking began to have health issues. His speech became slurred and he became very clumsy. After going through a series of tests, doctors discovered that Hawking had a disease called ALS (also called Lou Gehrig’s disease).

Overcoming ALS

Carmencitta MAgazine - Stephen Hawking 3

Although Hawking was initially depressed over his diagnosis, but he decided that there were things he wanted to accomplish with his life. He began to study and work harder than ever before. He wanted to earn his PhD before he died. Furthermore, he met and fell in love with a girl named Jane Wilde. They were married in 1965. All of that gave him a reason to live. Despite his sickness Hawking has lived a full and productive life with the help of science and modern medicine. In 1985 he lost his voice for good following a tracheotomy. Although he is confined to a wheelchair and cannot talk, he can communicate using a touch pad computer and a voice synthesizer.

Research on Black Holes

Carmencitta MAgazine - Stephen Hawking 5

A black hole’s edges, called the event horizon, can be detected. Hawking proved that the surface area of the event horizon could only increase, not decrease. So that, when two black holes merged the surface area of the new hole was larger than the sum of the two original.

Carmencitta MAgazine - Stephen Hawking 6Honors and commitments

Hawking’s work in modern cosmology and in theoretical astronomy and physics is widely recognized. In 1979 was named to a professorial chair at Cambridge University that was once held by Sir Isaac Newton. Moreover, he has earned a host of honorary degrees, awards, prizes, and lectureships from the major universities and scientific societies of Europe and America. When asked about his objectives he said: “My goal is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.”